What is AS9102 First Article Inspection?
First Article Inspection is a unique standard
(AS9102 Rev C)
and thus, not part of the AS9100 QMS. However, Section 188.8.131.52 (Production Process Verification) of the standard does require testing of a production part, which is basically the same as FAI.
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes documentation requirements for the First Article Inspection (FAI). The purpose of the First Article Inspection is to provide objective evidence that all engineering design and specification requirements are properly understood, accounted for, verified, and documented. The purpose of this standard is to provide a consistent documentation requirement for aerospace components First Article Inspection. It is intended that the documentation generated will be a quality record of the supplier and customer for review of accountability and planning, for performing periodic surveillance and audits to verify conformance, for evaluating root cause and corrective action for any non-conformances, and for problem investigations.
Performing a First Article Inspection
Compare a sample part with the specifications (usually a detail drawing, or blueprint) against which it was made. The sample is usually one of the first parts made from a tooling or a setup, thus the name.
Each specification dimension is measured on the physical part, compared against the print, and a list constructed of which dimensions were met and which weren’t. For a simple part, this list is quite small. But for a complex part the list of dimensions can be extremely long and the inspection quite involved. By definition, any dimension that appears on the print must be measured on the part and listed in the report.